Henry & Loveday Archer Jones …
Henry & Eleanor Parke Lindley Jones
Henry & Loveday Archer Jones … Henry & Eleanor Parke Lindley Jones
Henry, the third son of Francis and Rachel Jones and also born in Ireland, was a young man of 18 at the time of the family’s arrival to Philadelphia. We may safely assume that his movements for the first five years coincided with his parents and brother Francis II as they acquired land, built homes and farmed their property in Chester County PA. His brother Samuel and wife Hannah would have formed a separate family unit nearby, and already had two children by 1714.
Henry would undoubtedly
have accompanied his parents to Duck Creek in the Lower Counties (later Kent
County, Delaware) 1714, where he came into proximity with a young lady with the
romantic name of Loveday Archer. Loveday
was born in 1693 in Duck Creek, the daughter of George Archer who was not a
There is every
indication that when Henry, at age 23, married Loveday Archer in 1716 when she
was 19, it was a love match and against the very strict Quaker rules of conduct
which forbade marrying a non-Quaker.
There is a record in the Duck Creek MM notes disowning him for the
misconduct of “marrying out”.
Loveday gave birth to their son George on 7th September 1717 at Duck Creek and then she died on October 15th 1717, less than two months later. It is not known whether the cause was a complication of childbirth or due to an epidemic or other illness. There is another record in the Duck Creek MM of Henry and Loveday submitting a statement “condemning” their marriage “out of unity”, so, if she had lived, it is likely that they would have been reinstated at a later date, provided that Loveday became a Quaker and they lived according to Quaker rules.
I found no record or mention of Henry marrying again after Loveday’s death in spite of having been left at the age of 24 with an infant son to raise. It was a common Quaker custom to match widows and widowers with young children to suitable spouses after a short (sometimes very short) mourning period, both for the care and protection of the children and for the consolidation and protection of land rights. Henry may have been estranged for a time from his family for having married a non-Quaker, or he may not have had any property of his own at that time that might have made him a suitable match for a Quaker woman.
Finally, thirteen years later, by which time Henry was a 37 year old widower with a 13 year old son, he married Eleanor Parke Lindley, a wealthy widow ten years older than himself, who already had had 14 children of her own; ten still living (two had died in childhood and two had died as young adults only two years earlier).
On 31 8M 1730 Henry was received into New Garden/Londongrove MM on a certificate from Chester MM. On 17 10M 1730 in the same New Garden MM it was noted that ”Henry Jones from Lancaster County” was married to Eleanor Lindley.
By that time, Henry, according to land records, owned considerable acreage north of Toughkenamon Hill, Chester County PA. Quaker MM notes record that Henry moved from Duck Creek MM (now Haddenfield NJ) to New Garden/ Londongrove MM (now Londongrove PA) and proposed marriage to Eleanor. Before being allowed to marry they had to go through considerable red tape to obtain approval within Quaker restrictions. One MM notation listed Eleanor as Henry’s third wife, but no record has been found of any previous wife except Loveday Archer. Perhaps their age difference was the cause for such a lengthy investigation into their suitability to marry … or perhaps the suspicion of a second previous wife. In any case, they did finally receive approval to marry.
Quaker marriage procedures were very specific, whether for a young couple marrying for the first time or for the remarriage of a widow or widower. Approval had to be obtained from the monthly meetings of both families, and then only after investigation by a committee into the background and finances of both parties and assurance that the property rights of children of previous marriages had been safeguarded. It was considered a sacred duty for a Quaker man or woman to make and honor wills, both to protect widows and children, but also to secure property ownership and lease rights under civil law. Land and other property were only rarely willed to step children.
[Quaker wills are one of the richest source of information in constructing family trees, both regarding offspring and property locations.]
Eleanor’s first husband James Lindley had been a blacksmith, a large landowner and a prominent Quaker leader. Her family, the Parkes, was also influential in the New Garden/Londongrove Quaker community. A letter written in 1725 by Eleanor Parke Lindley’s nephew illustrates the prosperity of the Lindleys:
“ Unkle James Lindly & family is well & Thrives exceedingly, he has 11 Children & Reap’d last harvest about 800 bushels of wheat , he is as thriving a man as any where he lives, he has a thousand Acres of Land, A fine Estate, “
Apparently the family’s good fortune ran out as James Lindley died the following year, in Oct of 1726, leaving Eleanor pregnant and with 12 living children between the ages of 3 and 24. James Lindley was only 45 when he died, and two of the children named in his will - William 17 - died two weeks after his father, and Rachel 19, died a few months later in 1726. Perhaps there was an epidemic that year. (Rachel was also listed in Quaker MM notes as having been disowned earlier that same year, but no reason was given.)
It is apparent that
the tragic death of the father and two teenage children in 1726 affected the
family’s Quaker beliefs. From various Quaker MM minutes from New Garden PA, six
of the remaining Lindley children were disowned for “civil marriage”, “marrying
out” or “unchasity” (usually meant living with someone without being
Henry and Eleanor, however, remained in good standing in their Quaker community, as did Eleanor’s sons Thomas and Jonathan. There was considerable upheaval during this period among various Quaker congregations, so perhaps it was politic to overlook certain irregularities and retain the membership of this union of two prominent and wealthy Quaker families – the Joneses and the Lindleys.
Amazingly, Henry and Eleanor had three more children between Oct 1730 and 1735, giving Eleanor a total of 17 births. One of these children, Sarah Jane Jones, later married Francis Jones III, her first cousin, the son of Henry’s brother, Francis II. Marriage between first cousins was forbidden by Quaker rules, so this was a very unusual union. One of Eleanor’s daughters also married a first cousin from her father’s side around the same time, and both unions were discussed at length in Londongrove Monthly Meeting notes.
Much more will be told regarding this marriage of first cousins, as Francis III and Sarah Jane Jones Jones are the direct ancestors of our branch of the Jones family. They create the double link back to our immigration ancestors Francis and Rachel Newton Jones through two of their sons (and also make a graphic family tree chart very confusing).
It is interesting to note that ten years
later, in 1740, Henry’s son George, at 23, married Eleanor’s daughter Elizabeth
Lindley, age 20. They had lived in the
same household as step-siblings for 11 years by then. Significantly, they were
married in “St. George’s Parish, Harford County MD” (not in a Quaker meeting). The East Nottingham (PA) MM through its Deer
Creek (MD) division reported in its minutes on 16th day 9th
month 1742 on page 170 as follows: “George Jones and Elizabeth, his wife,
having been married by a priest, though they were defended by Believing
Parents--gave paper of Condemnation'"
It was a quirk of the
Quaker rules that when there was an irregularity in a marriage, such as
marrying a non-Quaker, marrying a first cousin, or being married by civil law
or by a “priest” (clergy of any denomination other than Quaker), the couple
would be disowned but, after an interval during which they demonstrated that
they were living according to Quaker principles and bringing up their children
as Quakers, they would be allowed to submit a “condemnation” or “repentance” and
be duly reinstated. Often they continued
to attend monthly meetings as non-members until they were reinstated.
Another interesting side note regarding George was found in the minutes of the Deer Creek MM. Two years after his marriage, in 1742, George requested a Certificate of Removal to travel to Great Britain, where, it was suggested “… he went back to try to claim the family fortune which tradition has it was left in the old country (Ireland)".
Nine year later, Henry and Eleanor, with a certificate, moved from New Garden, PA to Nottingham, PA about 1739. New Garden MM records reflect they received the certificate on 26 3M 1739.( Nottingham is now part of Maryland.) Many ancestry member family trees have earlier dates of death for both Henry and Eleanor but this Monthly Meeting notation indicates that they were both alive in 1739.
HENRY JONES Family Tree
BIRTH: 24 April 1693, County Carlow, Ireland
DEATH: after 1749 East Nottingham, Chester Co PA
FATHER: Francis Jones (1660 - 1742)
MOTHER: Rachel Newton (1662 - aft 1719)
SPOUSE 1: 16 Apr 1717, Loveday Archer (b.1698 d.1717), Duck Creek MM in the Lower Counties, (later Kent Co DEL)
Offspring of Henry and Loveday Jones: (one child only)
George Jones b. Sept 7, 1717 in Duck Creek MM (later Kent Co DEL) d. 1790 in Chatham NC) marr: 3 Feb 1740 Elizabeth Lindley (b.4 8M 1720 d.1775) St. George's Parish, Harford Co MD
SPOUSE 2: 17 10M 1730, Londongrove MM, Chester County, PA Eleanor Parke Lindley (2 1M 1684-after1739) the widow of James Lindley (1681-1726).
Offspring of Henry and Eleanor Parke Lindley Jones:
James Jones b.1731 (probably died in infancy)
Isaac Jones b.1735 d.1801
 from The Quaker Collection (an Ancestry.com community website).
 Her sister Mary Lindley married John Woody in the same parish two years earlier so that there is some reason to believe that the Lindley girls had fallen away from Quakerism and were perhaps attending Episcopal services. (http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/QUAKER-ROOTS/2001-01/0980706409 ) and (Footnote 1 to see list of Lindley siblings )