The 7th Generation –
Drifting Away From the Quaker Community
Rollin K. & Armina Haworth Jones
The 7th Generation – Drifting Away From the Quaker Community
Rollin K. & Armina Haworth Jones
Rollin K. Jones was married in 1876 to Armina Kathryn Haworth
(Rollin b.2/17/1855 d.2/20/1919) (Armina 10/4/1855 d.9/27/1938)
Rollin K. Jones was the third son of Harvey Harrison Jones (1823-1893) and Rachel Hunt Jones (1826-1869). He was born in 1855 in Laura, Union Township, Miami County, Ohio. Until he reached an age to marry he would have lived with his parents and farmed alongside his father, brothers, step-siblings, cousins and uncles in the prosperous and expanding Quaker community.
He would no doubt have been expected to choose a wife from among the devout daughters of the closely connected Quaker families living on farms and in villages in what was predominately a Quaker dominated part of Ohio at that time. Instead, he chose to marry at the relatively early age of 21 the daughter of a non-Quaker farmer from Franklin Township, Darke County OH, Armina Kathryn Haworth, one of a very large family living and working on her grandfather's farm. Armina was also 21 and at home caring for her numerous siblings and, given what we know about her later in life, probably a frustrated young woman thirsting for an education and a way to escape her almost certain fate as a farmer's wife. I suspect she saw something in Rollin that matched her ambitions for establishing a family that could live successfully in a world that extended beyond the rural communities of Ohio.
Rollin and Armina were married on December 29, 1876, in Franklin Township, Darke County. Four years later, the 1880 Census showed them as still living in Franklin Township, Darke County, Ohio (with no children; the first had two died shortly after birth). Armina gave birth to five children who died in infancy or early childhood, and twenty years later, at the time of the 1900 Census, had just given birth to their 14th child, Forest, only seven months earlier. (Forest died only a few months later.). At the time of this census, Rollin was 45 and Armina 44, and they were living in the village of Laura, Union Township, Miami County, Ohio, with their ten children: Mable 18, Chloe 16, Juva 14, Roscoe 12, Una Glenna 11, Golda 9, Jesse 6, Merlin 5, Earnest Paul 2 and Forest Burr, 7 months.
In the 1900 Census, Rollin’s occupation was listed as Farmer and Armina’s as Wife. Their eldest daughter, Mable, was single and living at home, six children were in school (from Chloe through Jesse), and three were not yet of school age.
We know from “A Genealogy of the Jessie (sic) Jones Family in Ohio 1805-1966” that, in addition to farming, Rollin also worked as a purchasing agent for the Pennsylvania Railroad. In February of 1919, when Rollin was 64, he rode out on horseback looking for timber for the railroad and had a sudden stroke and died. Armina lived another 20 years, and died at the age of 83 in 1938.
According to the Census taken In 1910, Mable and Ula Glenna were living in a boarding house in Dayton, Ohio, and working as stenographers; Glenna, age 21, for a real estate firm, and Mable, age 28, for Raken Company. It would have been very unusual for a devout Quaker family in the early 1900s to allow single daughters to study and work away from home so independently. All three daughters married within the next few years.
Rollin’s brothers (Lambert, Albert and Ellsworth) and sisters (Mary and Jane) all married locally and lived close by with their families. Rollin’s parents and siblings are all mentioned as being active in the Christian Church in Laura (established in 1825 and listed as non-denominational), but no references mention Rollin and Armina’s religious convictions or activities. There is evidence that makes it appear that they had drifted away from the Society of Friends, probably due to Armina’s strong influence on the family.
Three of the sons served in the military in 1918, another distinctly non-Quaker activity: Ernest in the OSC while he was a student at Ohio State University, Jesse in the Medical Enlisted Reserve Corps as a young doctor, and Milton, who served in France in 1918-19 with the Expeditionary Forces as a Sargent. Although they were most likely drafted, they would have easily been excused if they had been practicing Quakers, well known for not allowing their members to serve in the military or take oaths of any kind.
PERSONAL NOTE: My father (Jesse Hayworth Jones) was the only son of Roscoe Conklin Jones, Rollin and Armina’s eldest son. Roscoe was reputed to have been talented and intelligent as well as very tall and handsome. He worked for twenty years as a chemist for the New York Central Railroad. He died suddenly of a heart attack at age 48 when my father was 19 and a student at Case-Western Reserve. His father’s early death had a deep and lasting effect on my father. My father’s namesake, Uncle Jesse, died at 49 and his Uncle Ernest at 57, also of heart attacks. Aunts Mable and Glenna died before the age of 50, and the fourth son Merlin died of a heart attack at 68. My father always spoke with great pride and affection of his intelligent and talented Jones uncles and aunts, but was convinced that he, too, would die of a sudden heart attack at the age of 48 or 49, and worried my mother constantly as he approached that age. He did, in fact, succeed in reaching age 50 … and then continued hale and hearty right on up to a few months short of age 93, dying in 2009. His only sister, Ann, lived to the age of 82.
Armina was born and raised on a farm in Franklin Township
(near Gettysburg, Darke County, Ohio) and the 1870 Census lists her as living
at home “helping mother” at age 15,
although three of her six siblings were attending school. Her 13-year old brother was listed as “working on farm”. We see from her parents’ ages that her mother had been 14 and her father 15 at the time of her birth. From this alone we might infer that they were
not practicing Quakers, as it was not at all their custom to marry so early, and
also not to keep young children out of school to work unless their economic
situation was dire.
An earlier census (1850) shows that Armina’s grandparents had a 2800 acre farm in Darke County, which the extended family may all have worked on until Armina married Rollin Jones and moved away to Laura, Ohio, to be near his Quaker family. It is interesting to note that this census spells Armina’s maiden name as Hayworth, with a y, although other family documents dropped the y until two generations later when my father was given the middle name Hayworth - Jesse Hayworth Jones - with the y returned.(One wonders whether Grandmother Armina might have effected this correction.)
PERSONAL NOTE: My father always referred to his widowed
grandmother Armina, whom he would have known well as she died when he was 22,
as having a very strong and domineering character. It may be that she was the driving force to
educate her children far beyond the usual country schoolhouse or Quaker school and
to encourage her daughters to be independent working women before they married.
Her sons all became professionals - Roscoe a chemist, Jesse a physician/surgeon, Milton an entomologist, Ernest a
“Protection Engineer” for the US Inspection Bureau - and her daughters acquired
nursing and office skills before marrying. That even her daughters were sent out into the non-Quaker world to study and work is an indication that Armina was committed to removing her children from both Quaker influences and from her own family's occupation of farming.
It must have been a terrible blow for her to live to witness two of her
daughters, Mable and Glenna, and her eldest son Roscoe die before her of what
was probably an inherited heart weakness. She remained until she died an influential figure in the lives of her children and grandchildren.
Reference: “A Genealogy of the Jessie (sic) Jones Family in Ohio 1805-1966”